An Agency of the Commonwealth of Virginia
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Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)

The TANF program provides eligible families with a monthly cash payment to meet their basic needs. For a child to be eligible he must be:

  • Under the age 18, or if 18, but not yet 19, enrolled and attending a secondary school or vocational/technical school of secondary equivalency and is meeting the enrollment and attendance requirements as determined by the local school board
  • Living with a parent or other relative
  • A U.S. citizen or an eligible immigrant

The Code of Virginia, §63.2, requires that the TANF program be administered in accordance with federal and state statutes and regulations and policies established by the State Board of Social Services.

Participants may be provided with services such as job skills training, work experience, job readiness training, child care assistance, transportation and other work related expenses.

Virginia Initiative for Education and Work (VIEW) Program

VIEW is a program of employment, education, and training opportunities to assist individuals in attaining the goal of developing economic independence. The program goals are to offer Virginians living in poverty the opportunity to:

  • Achieve economic independence by removing barriers and disincentives to work and by providing positive incentives to work;
  • Provide work skills necessary for self-sufficiency;
  • Allow families living in poverty to contribute materially to their own self-sufficiency;
  • Set out the responsibilities of and expectations for recipients of public assistance; and
  • Obtain work experience through the various employment, education and training components of the VIEW program.

Recipients of TANF and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families - Unemployed Parent (TANF-UP) benefits, must participate in the VIEW program as a condition of eligibility, unless otherwise exempt. The TANF-UP program is intended to provide assistance to families with two able-bodied parents.

Full Employment Program

The Full Employment Program (FEP) is a subsidized employment program designed to provide an opportunity for participants to increase self-sufficiency by earning a living wage, increase career-related work skills, and improve their competitiveness in the labor market. Learn more here.

Employment Advancement for TANF Participants Program

Through grants, the Virginia Department of Social Services (VDSS) funds projects under this program. The projects are designed to provide proven service approaches and strategies to help current and former TANF clients to prepare to enter, succeed, and advance in the workplace. The expected outcomes of the project are improved job placement, improved job retention, higher employment wages upon entry, and increased wage gains from job advancement.

Below is a list of current projects. If you see a program in your area and you want to participate or get further information, contact your local department of social services.

Screening for Eligibility & Applying

Guidance & Procedures



Click here for the TANF Manual and Transmittals.

Legal Basis

  • Federal Legal Base - Social Security Act-Title IV-A
  • Federal Regulations Base - 45 CFR Parts 260-265
  • State Legal Base - Code of Virginia, Sections 63.2-600, 63.2-409, 63.2-614
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