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Services for Older Youth

Youth services (also known as the Independent Living Program) assists foster care youths ages 14-21 in developing the skills necessary to make the transition from foster care to independent living. Independent Living services include activities that are based on a written assessment of life skills. Areas of focus include personal development skills such as self-esteem, communication skills, decision-making, conflict resolution and anger management. Examples of independent living skills are career exploration, job skills, money, management, housing, transportation, and legal issues.

Eligibility, Services, Guidance & Procedures

Who Is Eligible?

Foster children are eligible to receive services through ILP at the age of 14 and may continue receiving services until age 21 if they are in the custody or placement responsibility of a local department of social services. Qualifying placements include those in foster homes, residential treatment centers and group homes.

Independent Living services should not be limited to foster care youths that receive the independent living stipend. As appropriate, some type of independent living information or service should be provided to each youth who can benefit from such information or services. Services may even be extended to youths after they have been discharged from foster care, if they meet the age criteria. Age 21 is the cut-off for services.

What are the Services?

Services provided through ILP include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Educational: Assistance in completing high school, general education degree and higher education, including assistance for tuition, admission fees, supplies, equipment, tutoring, etc.
  • Vocational Training: Job training/readiness, job search and placement and other related services to prepare youth to become self-supporting, or that increases performance/functional competency.
  • Daily Living Skills/Aide: Assistance and training on budgeting, housing, money management, career planning, procurement and/or provision of any services or items which facilitate establishing youth in an independent living arrangement; e.g., household goods, supplies, services, insurance, utility turn-on, etc. Daily living skills may be provided by local social services staff, others involved in the youth's care or through negotiation or contract with a resource person or entity.
  • Counseling: Individual and group.
  • Other Services and Assistance: Training, meetings, conferences, retreats, workshops, relating to building competencies that strengthen individual skills and foster successful independent living.
  • Integration/Coordination of Services: Collaborative efforts with other agencies.
  • Outreach Services: To attract eligible youths.

Guidance & Procedures

Related Links

Educational Opportunities

Community College Tuition Grant

This program will provide tuition and fees at any Virginia community college specifically for high school graduates or those who have received their GED if, at the time of graduation or completion of the GED, they were in foster care, in the custody of a social services agency or in a special needs adoption.

For more information visit

Education and Training Voucher (ETV)

The Education and Training Voucher (ETV) Program assists eligible foster care and adopted youth with post-secondary education and training expenses. It is designed to help youth aging out of foster care with the education, training and services needed for employment.

Program funds can be applied toward, but not limited to, colleges, universities, community colleges and one-year training institutions.

Click here for more information.

Great Expectations

Community College

Learn More »

Module 1: What is a Transition Plan and why should I do one?

Module 2: Who is involved in Transition Planning?

Module 3: How do I develop a Transition Plan?

Module 4: What do I need to know to effectively plan for myself?

Module 5: What happens after my transition plan is completed?


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